Gamze Yilmaz, PhD, RN and Dilek Küçük Alemdar, PhD, RN

“JEN” Editors in Chief Award
Gamze Yilmaz, PhD, RN
Dilek Küçük Alemdar, PhD, RN

Using Buzzy, Shotblocker, and Bubble Blowing in a Pediatric Emergency Department to Reduce the Pain and Fear Caused by Intramuscular Injection: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Published in September 2019

In emergency services during procedures such as IM injections, which cause pain and discomfort in children, timely and effective pain management increases the tolerance against pain in future administrations. Methods used to decrease fear and pain during the administration of IM injections should be inexpensive, reusable, widely available, easily cleanable, and easy for both adults and children to tolerate. There have been no previous studies comparing the effectiveness of the Buzzy, ShotBlocker, and bubble blowing in reducing pain during IM injections. The sample consisted of children aged 5 to 10 years old who required IM injections in emergency services. Children were placed in 4 subgroups through randomization, using a computer program. The Buzzy method should be used when children are undergoing IM injections to reduce their levels of pain and fear. In addition, using ShotBlocker during the IM injection was found to be less effective than Buzzy; however, they had less pain and fear than the children in the bubble blowing and control groups. Determining the effectiveness and interdependence of these methods contributes to reducing the problems related with painful practices for children, their families and emergency nurses.

Gamze Yilmaz, PhD, RN

Gamze Yılmaz has 6 years of experience as a nurse and 14 years as an academician. Yilmaz’s work as a pediatric nurse for 4 years has been effective in the selection of the Department of Child Health and Disease Nursing. Yilmaz has published many book chapters, national and international articles, papers, has attended multiple courses, and served in a project coordinator role. She focused her studies on pediatric cases admitted to the emergency department, hospitalized children, disabled children and their families, and child nutrition. She has been working as an assistant professor in the Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen University, School of Health, Nursing Department since 2013.

Dilek Küçük Alemdar, PhD, RN

Dilek Küçük Alemdar has 3 years of experience as a nurse and 13 years as an academician. Alemdar has many published book chapters, national and international articles, papers, has attended multiple courses and has served in a project coordinator role. She focused her studies on pediatric pain management, neonatal individualized developmental care, pediatric cases admitted to the emergency department, hospitalized children, disabled children and their families, and child nutrition. She has been working as an associate professor in the Ordu University Health Science Faculty, Department of Pediatrics Nursing since 2019.